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आयतन 7, मुद्दा 1 (2019)

शोध आलेख




शोध आलेख

A New Approach to Protection and Conservation of Cites-Listed Species:DNA Barcoding of Parrots in Nigeria

Christie O Onyia, Chosen E Obih, Patience O Ilo, Beatrice O Ojiego, Victoria C Iwu, Yohanna Saidu, Bamidele O Solomon, Victor I Amasiorah, Adekunle B Rowaiye and Kolawole Gbenga Joshua



From Fence System to Sustainable Forest Management: Lessons from REDD+ Pilot Project in Masito-Ugalla Ecosystem, Western Tanzania

Edmund Mabhuye, Pius Zebhe Yanda, Anselm Mwajombe and Namkunda Johnson

REDD+ mechanism is vital in fostering sustainable forest management particularly enhancing carbon storage, ecosystem integrity, and community livelihoods. This study aimed at investigating the relevance of lessons from REDD+ pilot projects on forest governance and future REDD+ implementation. The study examined key governance aspects considered during piloting REDD+, key lessons learned and their implications on future forest governance and REDD+ implementation. Findings show that community participation was considered during the piloting phase. Intra-village participation was collaborative and so did inter-institutional participation. The representative participation involved selected a few community members who linked local communities with governing institutions. The noninclusion of local communities by district officials in deciding the utilization of forest benefits retarded the community willing to participate in future REDD+ implementation. However, these forms of stakeholders’ participation in REDD+ piloting activities it did not guarantee forest integrity beyond the project period. This was partly attributed to a lack of transparency over benefits from SFM and competing interests over SFM benefits among forest management actors. If the same modes of stakeholders’ participation and benefits sharing are not revisited, they render negative results in future REDD+ implementation. Therefore, community participation should be complemented with other pillars of governance to harmonize the interests of all actors involved in sustainable forest management and REDD+.

समीक्षा लेख

Ecology and Behavior of Kudu (Lesser and Greater Kudu) in Africa

Belete Tilahun

Both lesser and greater Kudu are looked very alike in physical appearance, but there are some typical features between them. Their distribution ranges are east, south, central and north-eastern Africa in bushland and woodland habitat types. They are herbivore animals as pure browser and reproduce sexually means. They are active at the early mooring and early evening. No fixed breeding season of Kudu, because their breeding season varies due to environmental influence. Currently, Kudu is IUCN red list as near threatened species. The population of two species is declining due to human-induced factors.

समीक्षा लेख

A Study on Factors Influencing the Local People's Participation in Wildlife Protected Area Program: A Case Study from the Phouchomvoy Protected Area, Bolikhamxay Province

Xaysompheng Sengkhamyong, Phouphet Kyophilavong, Phetsamone Pommavong, Sengchanh Chanthasene, Thongpheth Chanthanivong, Sheena Phothisane and Manysengphet Phakhounthong

This study assesses the usefulness of the PhouChomVoy protected area by the local community to analyze the factors that influence individuals’ participation in the payment for environmental service program. This study uses a statistical analysis and econometric approach with data on 244 individuals. The results from the econometric equation show that the relevant factors are age, gender, status as the head of household, and income.

समीक्षा लेख

Significance on African Baby Elephants' Mock Charge Cues towards Tourists Vehicles in Contrast to Asian Elephants

Tharindu Muthukumarana

This paper speaks about the uniqueness on African baby elephant’s mock charge towards tourists’ vehicles. The particular behavior is recognized to be much frequent in African infants or juveniles compared to Asian counterparts. Following research had been composed by observation of Youtube footages uploaded by various individuals. Corresponding to that, there seems to be a high tendency, particularly in the Southern African baby elephants. The aforesaid behavior is just a linkage of the playing behavior of young elephants. The hypothesis proposition suggests that this can be a result of anthropogenic disturbance due to the conspicuous amount of culling and translocation.

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