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आयतन 11, मुद्दा 10 (2022)

छोटी समीक्षा

Dynamic Pricing for Parking Solutions

Sarmento Manuela

The need for more effective car park management in public areas like healthcare facilities, shopping malls and office buildings has been brought to light as a result of the rise in the number of automobiles in metropolitan areas. In order to optimize parking utilization and reduce traffic jams, this study combines dynamic pricing with real-time parking data. The practice of adjusting a product's or service's price in response to market trends is known as dynamic pricing. During both off-peak and peak hours, this strategy has the potential to manage vehicle traffic in the parking space. The dynamic pricing method has the ability to set the price of the parking fee to be higher during peak hours and lower during off-peak hours. This paper proposes a technique known as deep reinforcement learning-based dynamic pricing (DRL-DP). On an hourly basis, dynamic pricing is divided into episodes and shifted back and forth. Pricing control is seen as an incentive based on profits and parking utilization rates. In the context of a competitive parking market around the parking area, the simulation output demonstrates that the proposed solution is plausible and efficient.

छोटी समीक्षा

A Study of Strategic Emerging Industries

Sarmento Manuela

There has been an increase in international interest in Chinese patents as a result of China's aggressive globalization policies and rapid technological development. This study constructs a novel dataset of Chinese SEI patents abroad to investigate the spatiotemporal evolution and determinants of these patents' geography. As examples, it uses strategic emerging industries (SEIs) that are crucial to the world's future development. According to our findings, there is a rapid increase in the number of Chinese SEI patents issued abroad and the information technology sector of the new generation is increasingly dominant, accounting for approximately half of all SEI patents granted abroad. Western Europe and East Asia are where Chinese SEI patents are most concentrated and their influence is gradually spreading from African nations to developed nations. The host nation's high-tech product market size and competition risk have a negative impact on Chinese patents abroad, while the host nation's IPR protection level, technology market size and imitation risk have a significant impact on Chinese SEI patents abroad.

शोध आलेख

Relationship of personality and workplace deviance: Role of power distance within organization and role of Cronyism as a mediator

Benish Shabbir1*, Qiu Xiaodong1 and Hassan Siddique2

This study examines the occurrence of cronyism and shed light on its negative effect on the workplace. Cronyism plays mediating role and power distance plays a moderating role in this study. The targeted population of related study is public and private sector organizations of Pakistan. Primary data were collected from 173 employees of different organizations, such as educational sector, banking sector, development sector and aviation industry of Pakistan. Power distance moderates the relationship between big five personality traits and cronyism, as well as cronyism also mediates the relationship between personality traits and workplace deviance. Data was analyzed through SPSS and different analysis, such as correlation, regression, moderation and mediation analysis were tested. Implications of the study were also discussed.

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