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आयतन 6, मुद्दा 2 (2021)

पुरस्कार 2021

Awards 2021: 21nd World Congress on Advances in Gastroenterology

Augustine Turner

Expert Level (Scientific Service Achievement Award) The Scientific Service Achievement Award is the most esteemed award for the experts who have made exceptional and significant contributions at the field of Gastroenterology and Urology. These awards also provide a prospect to acknowledge those who play a major role in the progression to reach patients safety and requirements and nurses help in improving the life of people. Eligibility Criteria for this award.


Development of Gastric Varices

Mohammad Asif Senawi

Gastric varices are an important Porto systemic collateral pathway, occurring in ~20% of patients with portal hypertension. They are considered distinct from oesophageal varices in that they have a propensity to haemorrhage at comparatively lower portal pressures, and are also associated with higher mortality rate with hemorrhage. The patients with cirrhosis or high portal blood pressure are highly prone to gastric variceal bleeding than the patients with splenic vein thrombosis (SVT). The bleeding leads to heavy loss of blood, which should be compensated by blood transfusion to regulate the blood circulation and to maintain the hemoglobin level 7-8 g/dL. This technique is a recovery approach to lower the risk of rebleeding and mortality. Gastric varices are treated by primary prophylaxis and secondary prophylaxis. The primary treatment includes drug therapy.


Editorial Note on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Nizaj Akbul

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), commonly referred to as heartburn, is a condition resulting from stomach acid moving backward from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). The acid causes burning, inflammation and pain on the lining of the esophagus and can eventually lead to permanent damage of the lining. Tightness in the chest may also be felt, and sometimes heartburn can be confused with symptoms of a heart attack. This backward flow of acid is also called reflux when symptoms are brief and intermittent and do not cause on-going symptoms. Many people experience acid reflux from time to time. GERD is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week, or moderate to severe acid reflux that occurs at least once a week. Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. But some people with GERD may need stronger medications or surgery to ease symptoms. The term “gastroesophageal” refers to the stomach and esophagus. Reflux means to flow back or return. Gastroesophageal reflux is when what’s in your stomach backs up into your esophagus. In normal digestion, your LES opens to allow food into your stomach. Then it closes to stop food and acidic stomach juices from flowing back into your esophagus.


Insights of Gastroenteritis

Florina Orwell

Gastroenteritis (stomach flu) is a common, worldwide disease and almost everyone suffers from it a few times in their life because it is almost impossible to avoid contact with some of the viral and bacterial causes. It is an illness triggered by the infection and inflammation of the digestive system. Typical symptoms include abdominal cramps, diarrhea and vomiting. In many cases, the condition heals itself within a few days. The main complication of gastroenteritis is dehydration, but this can be prevented if the fluid lost in vomit and diarrhea is replaced. A person suffering from severe gastroenteritis may need fluids administered intravenously (directly into the blood stream via a vein – the setup is often referred to as a ‘drip’). Some of the causes of gastroenteritis include viruses, bacteria, bacterial toxins, parasites, particular chemicals and some drugs.

मामला का बिबरानी

Splenic Abscess is a Rare Complication of Gastric Arteriovenous Malformation Management

Mahmoud Moubark

Background: In the last decade, newly development of endovascular techniques gives good chance in the treatment of GIT vascular malformations. As the frequency of its use is increasing progressively, we in this study analyze the short- and mid-term radiological and clinical outcomes of a case with gastric arteriovenous malformation treated endovascular. Conclusion: Gastric AVM is rare, and its management depends on the size and extent of the lesion. We assume that the use of histoacryl in the treatment of AVM carries significant risk unlike dealing with direct AV fistula. It is safer to use coils to embolize the feeding artery

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